I’m back! Just wanted to give everyone a few updates about my adventures across the pond. My last day of class is a mere week away, but I am far from being finished.
To start, a Happy Belated Valentine’s Day to all from Tiruvalluvar, poet and author of the Tirukkural, the classic text of Tamil philosophy and ethics. This statue sits outside the SOAS library, and some anonymous romantic placed a bouquet in his arms in honor of the day of love and chocolate.
Sending some love from SOAS!
I had a lovely Valentine’s Day in the company of fellow Rotary Scholar, Liza. We met up in Leeds for a concert and stayed in an AirBnB flat for the weekend. We saw The Decemberists. I had only heard a couple of their songs before, but they put on a great show, complete with audience participation that involved pretending we were being eaten by a whale. (It’s a folk-y song about…well, exactly that. YouTube The Mariner’s Revenge live and you’ll understand). In February I also started volunteering with Migrant Women’s Platform to help out with their Migrant Women Vote 2015 campaign. The general elections in the UK are in May, and a recent study has declared that one in ten voters are migrants! Anyway, I’ve been doing mostly administrative work, contacting organizations to see if they’d like to help register voters and/or incorporate voting vocabulary into their ESOL classes. My volunteer work actually coincided with a group presentation I was working on for class- “The Construction of the Migrant in the Upcoming UK General Elections.” Let me just say, in light of the recent 1-in-10 statistic, politicians are not exactly on the right track in wooing the migrant voter population.
In March, a lot of my time has been spent in cafes or libraries. Luckily, London is home to many lovely, quirky coffee shops, including this one:
It’s still a church with regular services, but on weekdays it’s a café until 5pm.
Sometimes I also try to check out a local market for lunch:
Maltby Street Market, a wonderful place to get falafels and free samples!
I’ve been working on two big papers due on Friday. It will be such a relief, and made even more exciting by the fact that my mom is coming to visit on the 21st! I have been interspersing studying with activity-planning, so expect many more pictures of fun things, rather than places related to schoolwork, next time.
I also wanted to use this post to try something new. As I’ve been studying migration in depth, I have been learning about movement patterns all over the world that I’d never heard of before. I would like to incorporate an example of a migration pattern or kind of migrant that you may have never considered before into each blog post, just to give you all a glance at different kinds of migration and ways to think about them. I want to challenge what we call in migration studies the “sedentarist” notion of people as naturally unmoving, static beings. What is it about people who move across space and (perhaps) borders that makes us uneasy? Why is migration often viewed as a “crisis” situation? How do governments and policy-makers frame migration in different contexts, and for what purpose?
To get us started exploring these questions, here is Migration-Related Musing #1:
Expats vs. immigrants. What’s the difference?
I have to tell you, and I’m a little embarrassed to confess it, I had never really thought about this before. The term “expat” was so far removed from my immigration policy focus, it seemed entirely unrelated to the people with whom I was working. But this actually says a lot about how we construct the idea of the “immigrant” in our minds and how the concept of immigration is conceived on a broader policy scale.
What images does the word “expat” connote and how is it different from the idea of the “immigrant”? Let’s explore the differences a little. Expats are imagined as higher-income and migrate from Western countries. They are probably white. They seem to have a wider range of options for migration destinations. They have money to spend. Retired, maybe. Migrants, on the other hand, are thought to be lower-income and migrate from the Global South. They are probably brown. They are “forced” to migrate, or certainly do not have many options to choose from. The former are never talked about in the news. They have the agency to move wherever they want. The latter are often seen as less desirable. Their presence is debated. Their agency is undermined, doubted, or completely ignored. What designates one sort of movement as just fine, and another as inherently problematic? Is it sheer numbers of migrants moving from the Global South to the Global North? In fact, only 3% of the world’s population lives outside of their country of origin. So the numbers aren’t actually huge. What’s more, a large portion of this migration is South-South migration (between “non-Western” countries). So, the “waves” of immigrants coming to the North are less notable when compared to regional South-South migration, and are actually exaggerated immensely in public discourse.
Here is a Guardian post on the topic that discusses the tendency for white migrants to be labelled expats and not so much with non-white migrants:
Is there actually a clear-cut line between ‘expats’ and ‘migrants’? Furthermore, who exactly is an “immigrant” or “migrant”? Does this category include refugees, asylum seekers, temporary labourers, students, guestworkers, family members of citizens? Your brother’s friend, who’s actually pretty cool, but she’s different from the rest of the immigrants? In another post, I will explore more of these categories. (Maybe it’ll help me get an early start on studying for my exams!?)
Who, definitively, is an expat? Who exactly is a migrant? Beats me.